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27. Read through the following paragraph and practise introducing yourself to a roomful of people.

How to Introduce Yourself to a Roomful of People

At times, a self-introduction may be one-sided – such as when a roomful1 of people are asked to introduce themselves. In this case, you may be asked to provide specific information, but at other times you may be free to respond in any manner you choose. The first case is easy – just remember to include a greeting, your name, and all the requested information (regardless2 of the responses of previous3 participants).

Focus On Three Things Only

When the introduction details are your choice, be conversational and brief, focusing on only three things. The idea is to build rapport4. By choosing just three things, your introduction will be more memorable. For example, for a very short introduction I might say something like,

“Hi, everyone. I’m Lisa, Lisa Marshall. I’m a professional speaker and author who enjoys dancing and photography.”

For a longer answer I might say something like…

“Hi, everyone. I’m Lisa, Lisa B. Marshall. I’m a professional speaker and author. I specialize in communication skills and I’m excited because my new audiobook on interviewing skills will be released shortly. I enjoy dancing, although4 I’m not that good at it. I really love Latin music and salsa dancing is my favourite. I also enjoy photography. In fact, I am thinking of buying myself a digital SLR5 for my upcoming birthday.”

Lisa B. Marshall

_________________________

1 roomful – полная комната (людей, гостей и т.п.)

2 regardless – не обращая внимания, невзирая на

3 previous – предыдущий, предшествующий

4 build rapport – установить контакт с кем-л.

5 although – хотя

6 digital SLR (digital single-lens reflex camera) – цифровой однообъективный зеркальный фотоаппарат

SPEAKING

28. Make notes about yourself under the headings, then talk about yourself.

  • a greeting;

  • some words about who you are and where you are from (name; place of origin / where you live);

  • your occupation;

  • your likes and dislikes;

  • your hobbies;

  • your dreams or plans for the future.

GUESSING GAME

29. Work in pairs following the instruction:

Student A. Think about a famous person you know something about (an artist, a musician, a politician ...). Write down in note form some details of their life (date and place of birth; what sort of family he/she was born into; education; career; first job; what he/she was famous for, etc.). Bring your notes to the lesson.

  • Do not reveal their identity. Use he or she.

  • Use the time expressions (at the age of; after that; during is/her life ...).

Student B. Ask student A questions to find out as much as you can about the famous person and try to guess his/her name.

READING

30. Read and learn how “social language rules” work in English.

TEXT 1

Politeness Conventions

The basic principle of politeness is to show respect for the partner. The principle can be embodied in a number of maxims1:

1. Do not be dogmatic. Remember that the partner may have a different opinion. This maxim implies2:

a) The use of I think, I believe, I expect as introducers or as tags. If they are unstressed, their use does not indicate uncertainty3 or lack of confidence4.

I think his mother is Italian. She comes from Calabria, I believe.

b) The use of you know, of course to imply that the partner is not ignorant.

Of course, his mother is Italian, you know.

с) The use of tag questions to invite the partner’s agreement (falling intonation) or confirmation5 (rising intonation).

His mother is Italian, isn’t she?

2. Be reluctant6 to say what may distress or displease the partner. This maxim implies such strategies as:

a) Expressing the reluctance:

I don’t want to be difficult but … (e.g. this machine doesn’t work).

I don’t like saying so, but … (e.g. the music is too loud).

b) Seeking the partner’s agreement:

I hope you don’t mind …

Don’t you agree that …?

с) Apologizing or expressing regret:

I’m sorry but … (your work is not good enough).

I’m afraid you can’t smoke in here.

3. Do not force the partner to act. Allow him to appear to act voluntarily. This maxim implies:

a) Adding please whenever you call for action by the partner.

Where is the toilet, please? (asking the information)

A return ticket, please. (requesting something)

Sit down, please. (giving instructions, orders)

b) Avoiding7 simple imperatives8 when asking the partner to do something for you. Instead, ask if he

  • is willing to act: Will you open the window, please?

  • is able to act: Can you open this tin for me, please?

  • wishes to act: Would you like to help me, please?

_________________________

1 maxim – максима (краткое изречение, выражающее общеизвестную истину, правило поведения или этический принцип)

2 imply – предполагать, подразумевать, заключать в себе, значить

3 uncertainty – неуверенность, нерешительность

4 confidence – уверенность, убеждённость

5 confirmation –подтверждение

6 reluctant –делающий что-л. с большой неохотой,вынужденный

7 avoid – избегать

8 imperative – повелительное наклонение, императив; повеление; распоряжение

TEXT 2

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