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HISTORY OF SEAFARING - нет словаря и ключей.doc
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Exercises

I. Repeat the words after the teacher

cruise, hemisphere, route, command, towards, Siberia, experienced, supplies, actually, whaling, island, geographical, anchor

II. Read and translate the international words

cruise, geographical, region, initiative, command, division, ministry, provisions, polar, peak, extreme, coral, reef

III. Read and translate the information using the vocabulary

IV. Translate the verbs, give the three forms

begin, make, remain, explore, know, establish, undertake, sail, call, call at, pass, leave, supply, equip, confirm, appear, sight, keep, approach, compel, force, discover, carry out, return, turn out, see, anchor, obtain, reach

V. Give the derivatives of the words

discover, sphere, north, south, take, far, equip, appear, act, memory

VI. Give Russian equivalents

round the world, make discoveries, northern hemisphere, remain unexplored, was yet to be established, expedition was undertaken, in search of, two more ships, farther on to the Arctic Ocean, either … or, on the same day, the Naval Ministry, for nearly a month, to get supplies and necessary equipment, appearance of birds, sighted the coast, because of bad visibility, get a clear view, in the extreme south, were compelled to sail back, because of, force the way through ice packs, call at a port, Torrid Zone, carry out research work, a black spot, turned out to be, true enough, cover a distance, obtain important data, in commemoration of

VII. Arrange the following in pairs of synonyms

  1. able a. cruise

  2. carry out b. experienced

  3. command c. find

  4. compel d. force

  5. discover e. fulfil

  6. equipment f. get

  7. numerous g. go by

  8. obtain h. hardware

  9. pass i. head

  10. route j. look for

  11. search k. many

  12. voyage l. way

VIII. Answer about the article

  1. Why was a new expedition undertaken at the beginning of the 19th century?

  2. Whose initiative was it?

  3. How many ships took part in the expedition?

  4. What ships sailed to the North?

  5. Who headed the ships?

  6. What was the task of the Northern Division of the expedition?

  7. What ships sailed to the South?

  8. Who commanded the ships?

  9. Why did the ships sail to the South?

  10. What port did the ships leave on the 16th of August, 1819?

  11. Who appointed Captain Bellingshausen head of the expedition?

  12. Why did Bellingshausen stop in Portsmouth?

  13. When did the seamen reach the Antarctic continent?

  14. In what way was it confirmed?

  15. Why didn’t the seamen see the mountains of the Antarctica?

  16. When did they see the coast of the Antarctica?

  17. How long did it take to come back to Kronstadt?

  18. What geographical discoveries were made by the Southern expedition?

IX. Insert prepositions

  1. Ships of the Russian navy made several cruises … the world.

  2. The northern route … the Pacific and the Atlantic was yet to be established.

  3. Two ships … the command of Bellingshausen and Lazarev, made up the Southern Division of the expedition.

  4. They were to sail south … search of the Antarctic continent.

  5. Two more ships sailed … Alaska and farther … … the Arctic Ocean.

  6. The task was to pass … the Arctic Ocean … the Atlantic Ocean.

  7. The four ships left Kronstadt … the same day, July 16, 1819.

  8. In the port of Portsmouth Bellingshausen stopped … nearly a month.

  9. This was confirmed … the appearance of numerous polar birds.

  10. More than a hundred years later this place was named … Princess Martha.

  11. It was only because … bad visibility that Bellingshausen could not get a clear view of the coast of the Antarctic continent.

  12. So they sailed eastwards, forcing their way … the ice packs.

  13. Finally, the ships sailed … Australia, calling … Port Jackson, as Sidney was then called.

  14. All through the winter the ships sailed … the Torrid Zone.

  15. … returning to Port Jackson, the ships sailed again in the direction of the southern continent.

  16. … the 22nd of January, 1821, a black spot appeared on the horizon.

  17. It turned … to be an island, which they named … Peter I.

  18. The Vostok and the Mirny anchored … Kronstadt.

  19. The expedition lasted 751 days, during which a distance … 92,000 km was covered.

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