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Тавршський держашшй ахротёхнолтйчний ушверситет

Кафедра тоземнш мое

Англшська мова

Нос1бник з самостийно!* роботи для студента I етапу навчання за спещальшстю

«Процеси, машины та обладнания агропромислового еиробництва»

Мелтшполь

2009

Contents

Перед м о в а ...........................

;................................................................

 

4

Part I. Conversational English

 

 

 

Unit 1. English in Our L ife...............................

,.....................................................

5-8

Unit 2. Family L ife....................................................................................................

 

 

9-13

-Unit3. Our University..............................................................................................

 

 

14-17

Шпк 4. Ukraine, our hom e............................

..........................................................

 

18-21

•Unit 5. Agriculture of Ukraine.................................................................................

 

 

22-25

.Unit 6. Ecology and Environmental Protection Problems.....................................

 

26-28

*•" Unit 7. International Relations of Ukraine

 

29-30

Answer keys............................ ..................................................................................

 

 

31-37

Part П. The Rich Mix of Different Countries

 

 

Unit 8. Ukraine.........................................................................................................

 

 

38-41

Unit 9. Ukrainian way of life .............................................................

......................

 

42-45

—Unit10. Great Britain.............................................................................

..................

 

46-49

Answer keys ...................................................................................................

 

 

50-53

Part III. English for Mechanical Engineers

 

 

I за пцручником: Г.1. Бородина, A.M. Спевак, Т.Г. Богуцька. Англшсыса мова для

 

студентдв факультетов мехашзащ!' сшьськогосподарських вуз1в)

 

 

Unit 11. What is Agriculture?...................................................................................

 

 

54-56

Unit 12. Internal Combustion Engines (Lesson 1Text A ) ..............................

 

57-60

Unit 13. Reciprocating Engine Parts (Lesson 1 Text B )............................................

 

61-64

Unit 14. Reciprocating Engine Parts (Lesson 1 Text C) ..................................

 

65-68

Unit 15. Engine Parts (Lesson 1 Text D )..........

.........................................................

 

69-72

Unit 16. Principles of Engine Operation

(Lesson2 Text A, B )................................

 

73-75

Unit 17. The Diesel Engine (Lesson 2 Text C)..........................................................

 

76-77

Unit 18. Four-StrokeCycle (Lesson 2 Text D )..................................................

.......

78-80

Unit 19. Tractors (Lesson 3Text A ) ...................................................................

 

 

81-86

Unit 20. Tractor Parts. Tractor Types (Lesson 3 Text C ) .........................

-....■............

87-89

Unit 21. Modem Tractors (Lesson 3 Text D ) ........................................................

 

90-93

Unit 22. The Systems of the Internal Combustion Engine (Lesson 4 Text A)

94-97

Unit 23. The Thermostat (Lesson 4 Text B )...........................................................

 

:...

98-99

Unit 24. The Cooling System (Lesson 4 Text C)........................................................

 

100-103

Unit 25. The Systems of the Internal Combustion Engine (Lesson 4 Text D)

104-106

Unit 26. Подготовка до шдсумкових модульных контрол1в............................

 

107-109

Answer keys...............................................................................................................

 

 

110-128

Ббиюграф1я ........................................................................................................

 

 

7^9

3

Передмова

Запропонований поабник для самостшноТ робота пщ кер1вництвом викладача сприятиме оптимальнш оргашзацн процесу навчання студегтв першого курсу мехашкотехнолопчного факультету зпдно з сучасними вимогами та реальними умовами викладання, Даний поабник передбачае роботу студенев поза безпосередньо1' учаси викладача. Кер1вництво викладача мае виражатися тшьки у консультуванш й здшсненш контролю.

Оскшьки оволодшня мовою (навчальними вмшнями), й засвоення та закршлення найефектившше вщбуваеться у репродуктивних видах д!яльностр тому даний n o ci6 H H K

включае навчальш тести, змют яких складають завдання альтернативного або множинного вибору, подстановки необхщноГ M O B H O I одинищ у мЫмальний контекст, пщбору змютових вцщовщностей, вщновлення розчленованих фраз або речень.

IToci6HHK складаеться з трьох частин. Перша частина включае розробки до розмовних тем курсу, що вивчаються.

Друга частина Miстать розробки на крашознавчу тематику.

Третя частина розроблена за матер1алами шдручника: ГЛ. Бородина, А.М. Спевак, Т.Г. Богуцька. Англшська мова для студент!в факультетгв мехашзащУ сшьськогосподарських вуз1в.

До B cix завдань поабника пропонуються ключ1 дляn e p eB ip K H правильное^ виконання завдань.

Завдання поабника допомагають :

1)конструювати особистюш знания;

2)вбудовувати граматичну систему, яка пропонуеться у пошбнику, у свою власну систему граматичних понять та значень;

3)не лише вщтворювати мову в умовах навчального процесу, а й самостшно використовувати и у власному реальному мовленш.

При виконанн1 завдань пошбника вщбуваеться формування базових знань i створення

впам'я'п необхщних лексико-граматичнихмоделей.

Даний поабник створювався з урахуванням таких фактор1в як економ1я навчального часу, збшыиення обсягу тренувального матер1алу до тем, яю засвоюються, прискорене формування у студента необхщних знань та вмшь.

вдача иковння, дача.

кння

бник

шого

ових

вних

Т.Г.

ЬКЙХ

1ННЯ

ЕМу

нно

ННЯ

юго

ене

Unit 1

Read the text and do the exercises. Based on that discuss the topic:

English in our Life

Different nationalities have different languages. The total number of languages is more than 5000. The most wide-spreadare English, Chinese, Spanish, French and others.

Nowadays English is the most important and wide - spread language in the world. It is the state language in five countries: Great Britain, Canada, the USA, Australia and New Zealand. It is now the dominant or official language in over sixty countries. Every well - educated person speaks English, because it is the language of international communication in many areas of life. English is the language of international air traffic control and emergency services. English is the chief language of international business and academic conferences, and the leading language of international tourism.

Most of the scientific, technological and academic information in the world is expressed in English, and over 80 per cent of all the information stored in electronic retrieval systems is in English. English is the main language of popular music, advertising, satellite broadcasting, home computers, and video games.

The present-dayworld status of English is the result of two factors: the expansion of British colonial power, which peaked towards the end of the19-thcentury, and the emergence of the United States as the leading economic power of the20-thcentury.

Our country needs good specialists in many spheres of national economy. Ukraine has relations with many countries. And if you want to improve your knowledge, to be more competent in your job, you should know English so as to read literature on your speciality.

New ideas in science, technology and medicine change so quickly that it is impossible to translate everything into different languages. So most things are published in English, and if you want to keep up with the latest ideas in any subject, you need English.

Of course, English is worth studying. There is a proverb "A new language - a new world". Our businessmen, tourists, experts often go abroad. Every visitor should be able to find his

own way about in an English - speaking community without interpreters.

Nowadays a lot of people study foreign languages in every possible way. Foreign language study groups are organized at industrial enterprises, at the offices of big firms, at educational establishments, at research institutes.

My English lessons were always interesting and instructive.

5

Exercise 1.

What 10 words and word combinations do you think should go in the other parts of the bubble network?

Exercise 2. What 3 words do you think should go in the middle of the diagram?

 

to travel abroad

 

to be well-educated

 

to get a good job

 

 

 

 

 

Reasons why people

 

 

 

 

 

 

to be familiar with the way

 

 

 

to participate m

 

 

of life in other countries

 

 

 

 

international events

 

Exercise 3.

Match a line in A with a line in B. Write your answers in the boxes. There is an

example at the beginning (0).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

В

 

 

0. to keep up

 

 

 

;

a) more competent in one's job

 

1. to speak

 

 

 

1b) into different languages

 

 

2 .to need

 

 

 

■c) good specialists

 

 

 

 

3.

to improv e .

 

 

;

d) English

 

 

 

 

 

4. to be

 

 

 

|

e) with the latest ideas

 

 

 

5. to translate

 

 

:

0 knowledge

 

 

 

 

 

i

o

1

I

2

1

3

|

4

----1

5

1

e

 

I

 

" . ........................*....-....—..—r

 

|

 

 

I

I

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise 4. What English words are these? Write them.

1.[ 1ffipgwid3j

2.[ka,mju:ni'ke|'n]

3.f e a r i a ]

4.f n o i i d 3 |

5.[ i ' m a ^ a n s i j

6.[i'ma:d33ns]

7.|" a e d v a t a i z i n ]

8.fsfia (r)]

9.fsaetalait]

10.[ r i ' t r k v a l ]

6

Exercise 5. Which word is the odd one out in each of these groups?

(d)

Chinese

1. (a) English

(b)

Spanish

(c)

France

2.

(a) business ^

(b)

interpreter

(c)

trade

(d)

science

3.

(a) businessman

(b)

tourist

(c)

experts

(d)

interpreters

4.

(a) dominant

(b)

official

(c)

wide-spread

(d)

broadcasting

5.

(a) published

(b)

stored

(c)

spoke

(d)

peaked

Exercise 6. Write the nationalities.

Nationality

 

 

 

 

Country

 

 

 

 

 

USA

France

China

England

Scotland

Wales

Germany

Italy

Australia

Ukraine

Exercise 7.

What is the different between a first (a),second (b) andforeign (c) language? Write

your answer in the box.

 

 

 

1.1 speak Ukrainian. It's my ... language.

 

 

2.

At our Academy we can study such ... languages as: English, German and French.

3 .1 speak Ukrainian. I also know Russian. It's my ... language.

 

4.

English is the ... language

in five countries: Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia and New

Zealand.

 

 

 

 

5.

Of course, any ... language is worth studying. There is a proverb "A new language - a new

j

1

2

3

4

5

i

 

 

 

 

 

I ............ _ ... . .....

 

 

 

Exercise 8.

Do the World Languages Quiz. Writeyour answers in the boxes.

1.

Which language or languages do people speak in Canada?

 

A. English

B. French

C. English and French

 

 

2. How many languages are there in the world?

A. 1 thousand

B. 2,5 thousand

, C. 5 thousand

3. What are the five most widely spoken languages?

A. Chinese

B. English

English

Chinese

Spanish

Spanish

Hindi

French

Arabic

German

C.Chinese English Hindi Spanish Russian

4.

English is now the dominant or official language in over ... countries.

A. thirsty

B. sixty

C. eighty

 

5.

What other languages besides English are spoken in Britain?

 

A.

Irish

 

B. Latin

C. Celtic

 

Scottish Gaelic

Gaelic

Old British

7

Welsh

Irish

Irish

Exercise 9. You are going to read an article about some problems connected with ways of using the English language. Some parts are missingfrom the text. Choose the appropriate partfrom the list(A-F)foreach gap(1-4)in the text. There is one extrapart which you do not need to use. Writeyour answers in the boxes after the text. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Is English the most widely spoken language in the world?

If we look at the languages that are spoken in the world today, of course (0)..., because there so many people in China over 1 billion. (1) ... it's spoken by nearly one billion people as their first or second language. In many parts of Africa for example, (2) ... as their language of business or education but they might speak two or three other languages as well. In fact, most Africans speak at least three languages. May be (3) ..., really. And of course, many schoolchildren in London and New York are pretty good linguists, too. Do you know that 20 per cent of London schoolchildren speak English at school and another language at home? (4)... in New York schools and nearly 200 languages spoken by London schoolchildren.

A.We found about 180 different languages spoken by children.

B.People speak fluent English.

C.Chinese is the most widely spoken.

D. But the English language is spoken in so many parts of the world now. E. One problem with learning English is the vocabulary.

F. It makes them the best linguists in the world.___________________________

0

1

2

3

4

с

 

 

 

 

Exercise 10. A large number of the world'se-mailmessages are in English and include examples ofNetLingo like:

T T Y L - Talk to you later b 4 - before

g 2 с u - glad to see you n f a - need a fast answer с u - see you

Try to guess what these abbreviations mean.

1)a s ap

2)i 1 У 3 )th x

4)r u о к

5)с u t

Е ю

I

8

of using tfrom 'dto use.

ere so rfirst or or

; speak at ■and ildren arlv 200

Unit 2

Family life

Exercise 1. Match the photos with their descriptions. Put them in the correct order.

g, Thh h me winning aprize for my h ;stcry project, with my headmaster at Horsham Secondary School.

b.Here 1 proudly receiving

Щdegree ax university.

a. My first day at primary school in my new uniform.

Exercise 2. You are going to interview afamous person. Match the questions with the suitable answers.

Questions

Answers

1. Is it true you were born in

a) Yes, I bite my nails and play with my hair all the time.

Hollywood?

b) Yes, I was. On November 11th, 1975.

2. How did you get your name?

c) Yes, I have. It's Jack Nicholson.

3. Have you got a nickname?

d) I'm just an ordinary guy who loves partying.

4. How would you describe

e) I guess so. It's what I do.

yourself?

f) Yes, I have. My friends call me 'The Noodle'.

5. Have you got any bad habits?

g) Yes, it's true. It was a bit of a problem when I was filming

6. What's your favourite food?

Titanic.

7. What do you like to do in your

h) When I was fourteen. I was in a TV advert for toy cars.

spare time?

i) I generally like to hang out with my friends and shoot

8. Will you still be acting in fifty

pool.

years?

j) All kinds, but my favourite bands are Pink Floyd and the

9. What kind of music do you like?

Beatles.

10. When did you start acting?

k) My mother chose it. She was pregnant with me and I

11. What was your first film?

kicked her for the first time as she was looking at a painting.

12. Have you got a favourite actor?

I'm sure you can guess who I'm named after.

13. Is it true you are afraid of water?

1) My first film was Critters 3 and my first lead was inThis

 

Boy's Life.

 

m) Pasta and chips covered in ketchup.

Which famous actor is being interviewed?

Exercise 3. Read the clues and complete the crossword. What is the hidden word?

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

9

1.1 was ... 18 years ago.

2.A ... in need is a ... indeed.

3.Children start... at 6 years in Ukraine and can leave it at about 17.

4.A school for children usually up to six years old.

5 .1 .. .ed TSATU this year.

6.My ... is not large. It consists of my mother, my father and me.

7.When it is a person's birthday, we say "... birthday!".

8.A person's favourite occupation in his/her free time.

9.A place for very small children and babies

Exercise

Ыя

2iti

3>a 4 1a 5t ni

6> hi

Tin

8* si

9 >a

10*i

Exercise brother. I dauehier,

brother

Exercise* tkemsdn

Я

10

itable

time.

s filming

rears. loot

cd the

d l ainting.

E This

Exercise 4. Match the English words with their Russian equivalents.

1) husband

а) племянница

2) twins

b) двоюродный брат

3) aunt

с) отчим

4) cousin

d) дядя

5) niece

е) родственник

6) half-sister

f) племянник

7) uncle

g) муж

8) stepfather

h) близнецы

9) nephew

i) тетя

10) relative

j) названная сестра

Exercise 5. Write the words in the correct column.

brother, mother, relative, niece, parent, cousin, uncle, sister, aunt, twin, son, child, stepfather, daughter, brother-in-law________________________________________

t 1 ♦ I

brother

Exercise 6. Every Christmas the Tarrantfamily has a big party. Here they are introducing themselves to John, Sue'sfiance'. How is everyone related to Sue? Complete thefamily tree.

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